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What’s Ausbildung In English: Everything You Need To Know

Woman studying and wiritng on her notebook

Are you an expat or newcomer to Germany, wondering, “What’s Ausbildung in English?” If you are a foreigner or an expat interested in pursuing a vocational training program in Germany, you might have come across this term and wondered what it means. 

Ausbildung is a German word that means “training” or “education.” It refers to a dual vocational training system that combines practical learning at a company with theoretical learning at a vocational school.

Understanding “Ausbildung in English” is the key to unlocking a world of vocational training opportunities. 

In this blog post, we will explain what Ausbildung is in English, how it works, and its benefits. We will also give you some tips on how to find the best vocational training school for your needs and goals.


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Whether you’re keen on honing your German language skills or diving into a dual vocational training program, we’ve got you covered. 

For more details, read the in-depth post about the requirements for the Ausbildung in Germany

What Is Ausbildung in Germany? How Does It Work?

“Ausbildung” refers to vocational training in Germany, a vital aspect of education. 

German students opt for an apprenticeship, typically in a German company, alongside attending a vocational school. This dual system combines theoretical knowledge in the classroom with practical training at the workplace. 

How Does Ausbildung in Germany Work?

Person putting toppings on pizzas

Ausbildung in Germany involves vocational training combining apprenticeship training at a German company and attending a vocational school. 

German students choose a specific profession, such as becoming a medical assistant, and undergo Ausbildung tailored to that field. This structured program integrates theoretical learning in a vocational school with practical training within the workplace. 

The training period varies based on the profession, providing hands-on experience and honing skills necessary for the job. Proficiency in the German language is vital for effective communication during practical training and in professional settings, making it an essential component of Ausbildung. 

Are there any age restrictions for Ausbildung in Germany? Read this article

Can You Get Paid With Ausbildung In Germany?

Person Giving Money to Another Person

During Ausbildung in Germany, participants in vocational training, known as ‘duale Ausbildung,’ are compensated with a monthly stipend by the German companies where they receive in-company training.

During Ausbildung in Germany, participants receive a monthly stipend from the company undergoing their Ausbildung training. This stipend typically ranges from 650 to 1400 EUR per month, depending on the profession and the region in Germany. The aim is to support individuals financially as they develop specific skills and further their qualifications.

The average starting salary after completing the Ausbildung is around €2000 per month, although it can be less or more depending on the profession. The salary gradually increases with the year of training, depending on your industry’s existing Tarifvertrag (Collective agreement). Some of the top-paying industries include air traffic control, nursing, and chefs. 

Below are some examples of the average salaries for common Ausbildung in German programs:

  • Sparkasse: €1,177/month
  • Netto Marken-Discount: €866/month
  • Edeka: €763/month
  • Deichmann: €978/month
  • Deutsche Bahn: €1,047/month
  • Lidl: €1,069/month
  • BMW Group: €1,060/month
  • REWE Group: €763/month
  • H&M: €8/hour
  • PENNY: €1,200/month

Why Is There an Ausbildung in Germany?

Person reporting about company finances in front of co-workers

Skilled workers are in high demand in Germany, and the Ausbildung program is designed to produce qualified individuals who meet the needs of German employers. The training equips participants with the necessary skills and expertise, making them valuable assets to the job market.

In fact, successful completion of an Ausbildung program can enhance one’s prospects for employment, either with the training company or elsewhere.

For those seeking assistance or guidance during their vocational training, the job center in Germany can provide valuable resources and support. It’s an avenue where individuals can access information about job opportunities, further qualifications, and career prospects in their respective fields.

Read more about how to apply for Ausbildung as a non-EU citizen here. 

Are German Language Skills Required for Ausbildung In Germany?

Yes, German language skills are a fundamental requirement for Ausbildung in Germany, a form of vocational training. 

Proficiency in the German language is crucial to effectively participating in Ausbildung training, enabling comprehensive comprehension and communication in German companies. This emphasis on language skills is an integral part of the Ausbildung program, ensuring that participants can engage confidently and competently in the workplace. 

The approach reflects the excellence of Germany’s education system, especially the dual system known as ‘Duale Ausbildung,’ which prepares individuals with practical knowledge and skills, contributing to the country’s pool of skilled workers. 

International students also have access to Ausbildung courses, further enriching the program

Tips For Finding The Ideal Ausbildung in Germany Vocational Training School

Mentor teaching student on mechanical engineering

Given its excellent education system, selecting the appropriate vocational school is critical for a successful Ausbildung in Germany. The ‘Duale Ausbildung’ model, a hallmark of vocational training in Germany, thrives on this choice. 

Vocational schools play a pivotal role in preparing candidates for final exams and the practical aspects of their chosen field. Understanding basic requirements, including maximum age and qualifications like school certificates, guides prospective students. 

Furthermore, for non-EU citizens and foreign students, selecting a school aligned with their goals is paramount, setting the stage for potential progression to master craftsman status within the German vocational system. 

Here are some tips for finding the schools that offer vocational training in Germany. 

Identify your interests and strengths

When searching for the perfect vocational training (Ausbildung) in Germany, identify your interests and strengths. Evaluate if you’re passionate about a specific field like graphic design, ensuring it aligns with your strengths. 

Proficiency in the German language is crucial for successful vocational training in Germany. Additionally, consider your academic performance (very good grades) as it impacts your opportunities. 

Whether pursuing a “schulische Ausbildung” or aiming to be self-employed, the choice of Ausbildung depends on finding a suitable match between your skills, interests, and the demands of the vocational training system in Germany.

Changing Jobs on Work Permits in Germany: What You Need To Know

Research available vocational training programs 

To find the perfect Ausbildung in Germany, research available vocational training programs, considering factors like maximum age and eligibility for non-EU citizens. 

Tailor your curriculum vitae to highlight relevant qualifications for your desired course, especially if you aspire to become a graphic designer or a specialist in a particular field. Understand the specific degree or certification offered through the Ausbildung program, ensuring it aligns with your career goals. 

Thoroughly examine the curriculum and opportunities provided to make an informed decision for an ideal vocational training experience in Germany.

Attend job and vocational training fairs

Actively engage with the opportunities presented by attending job and vocational training fairs. These events provide valuable insights into the diverse spectrum of vocational training options available in Germany. 

You can explore and gather information about different training programs, connect with educational experts, and seek guidance in choosing the most suitable Ausbildung based on your preferences. These fairs serve as excellent platforms for learning about vocational training, further assisting you in making a well-informed decision.

Also read: Student Loans in Germany for International Students

Consider language requirements

When seeking the right Ausbildung in Germany, consider the essential language requirements. Ensure your German level meets expectations, as many programs demand proficiency. 

While some Ausbildung in Germany may offer courses in English, mastering German enhances opportunities. 

Understand the differences between “schulische Ausbildung” and apprenticeships offered in your home country or other countries. Research various companies to align their language expectations with your education. 

Furthermore, be aware of other formalities involved, as an apprenticeship in Germany lasts a specific duration and caters to young people seeking a specialized vocational education.

Check job portals and company websites

Utilize job portals specialized in listing trainee positions to explore available opportunities for vocational training in Germany. 

Moreover, directly visit the websites of companies you are interested in working for to find suitable trainee positions within dual vocational training programs. This proactive approach allows you to discover various options and tailor your applications accordingly.

Consider the type of vocational training

In Germany, vocational training encompasses two primary types: in-company vocational training and school-based vocational training. The in-company training involves learning on the job within a company, while school-based training predominantly occurs in vocational training schools. 

Assess your learning preferences and career goals to determine which type of vocational training suits you best. This decision will significantly impact your experience and growth during the Ausbildung.

Evaluate the duration of the program

Ausbildung programs in Germany typically last three years, providing a comprehensive period for gaining practical knowledge and skills. However, it’s important to note that the duration of vocational training can vary based on the profession and your performance in both the company and vocational training school.

Some programs might be shorter or longer, depending on these factors. Stay informed about the duration to plan your education and career trajectory effectively.

Check the existing Tarifvertrag (Collective agreement)

When considering Ausbildung in Germany, it’s crucial to delve into the details of the existing Tarifvertrag (collective agreement) within your industry. 

The provisions outlined in the agreement can significantly impact your experience during vocational training, including the salary and conditions. Different industries might have varying Tarifverträge, so understanding these nuances is vital in choosing a vocational training program that aligns with your expectations and goals.

Consider the demand and future prospects of the profession: 

When seeking the right Ausbildung in Germany, assess the demand and future prospects of the profession. Research if the Ausbildung or apprenticeship you’re considering is highly respected and in demand within Germany. 

Compare the potential monthly remuneration with the tuition fees and the investment of time required for higher education like a master’s degree. Some professions may not require a master’s degree, making an Ausbildung a more practical choice. 

Understand the importance of German proficiency, as it significantly impacts your prospects in the job market. Gauge the balance between education, investment, and expected monthly salary for an informed decision.

Ensure you meet the requirements: 

Before embarking on your vocational training journey in Germany, it’s essential to ensure that you meet all the necessary requirements. These prerequisites can include having the appropriate visa, fulfilling school-leaving certificate criteria, and possessing adequate language skills, especially in the German language, if you’re a non-EU applicant. 

German proficiency is particularly crucial, as it’s pivotal for effective communication and successful integration into the workplace. Meeting these criteria will enhance your eligibility for vocational training programs and contribute to a smoother application process.

Seek advice from educational experts

To find the ideal Ausbildung in Germany, seeking guidance and advice from educational experts can be incredibly beneficial. Educational experts possess valuable insights into the various vocational training options available in Germany, offering guidance tailored to your desired field. 

They can advise you on the best courses, apprenticeships, or specialized programs that align with your career aspirations.

Navigating the landscape of vocational training in Germany involves understanding the specific requirements for your desired field. Whether you aim to pursue an Ausbildung, a specialized course, or an apprenticeship, learning German proficiently is essential. Proficiency in the German language is a fundamental requirement for successful integration into the German workplace and society.

In some cases, demonstrating proficiency in the English language can also be advantageous, especially in international or globally focused fields. However, focusing on learning German is highly recommended for a more comprehensive experience and increased job opportunities within Germany.

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Job Opportunities After Completing Ausbildung In Germany

woman waiting for job tasks

After completing Ausbildung in Germany, ample job opportunities await. Based on a report by life-in-germany.de, there were 578,218 vacancies for Ausbildung in 2019, outnumbering the 549,606 applicants. 

This surplus indicates excellent prospects for securing a training place. Ausbildung equips individuals with practical skills, enhancing employability. Graduates often find positions related to their Ausbildung field, kickstarting their careers. 

Also read: What Is A Good Salary in Frankfurt, Germany?

Growth Trends In Terms Of Employment Opportunities For Ausbildung in Germany Graduates 

The employment landscape for Ausbildung graduates in Germany is promising, showcasing substantial growth trends. 

Over recent years, there has been a remarkable 30.4% increase in published apprenticeship positions. This surge underscores a rising demand for skilled workers across diverse industries within Germany. 

Best Industries for Ausbildung in Germany Graduates

The following industries in Germany have a high demand for skilled workers, offering excellent job prospects after completing an Ausbildung (apprenticeship):


Doctor explaining to a patient

The healthcare sector is one of the fastest-growing in Germany, and there is a high demand for skilled workers who have completed an Ausbildung. Nurses, medical assistants, and other healthcare professionals are in high demand and can expect excellent job prospects after completing their Ausbildung.

Average salary of people working in healthcare industry in Germany

The average salary of people working in the healthcare industry in Germany varies depending on the profession and the experience level. Here are some examples of the average salaries for different healthcare professions in Germany, according to Glassdoor:

Medical Doctor: 

The average salary for a Medical Doctor in Germany is €28,270 per month, equivalent to €4,270 per month. 


The average salary for a Neurosurgeon in Germany is €150,000 per year.

Healthcare Manager: 

The average salary for a Healthcare Manager in Germany is $105,270 annually, equivalent to €88,000 annually.


The average salary for a Physiotherapist in Germany is €27,000 per year.

Healthcare Consultant: 

The average salary for a Healthcare Consultant in Germany is €59,915 per year.

Know More Here: What Is the Salary of a Doctor in Germany?

Information Technology

Woman typing on the laptop

The IT industry is another rapidly growing field in Germany, with a substantial demand for skilled workers who have undergone an Ausbildung. IT specialists, software developers, and other IT professionals are highly sought after and can anticipate excellent job prospects following their apprenticeship.

Average salary of people working in the IT industry in Germany

Here are some examples of the average salaries for different IT professions in Germany:

  • Software Developer: The average salary in Germany ranges from €3,320 to €4,430 per month.
  • Back-end Developer: The average salary for a Back-end Developer in Germany ranges from €3,360 to €4,839 per month.
  • Front-end Developer: The average salary for a Front-end Developer in Germany ranges from €3,110 to €4,400 per month.
  • Full-stack Developer: The average salary for a Full-stack Developer in Germany ranges from €3,520 to €4,840 per month.
  • DevOps Engineer: The average salary for a DevOps Engineer in Germany ranges from €3,510 to €4,960 per month.
  • Database Administrator: The average salary for a Database Administrator in Germany ranges from €3,100 to €4,820 per month.

Also Read: Work Remotely in Germany: How To Do It Successfully


Construction worker explaning work to students

The construction industry is also experiencing a high demand for skilled workers in Germany. Individuals with an Ausbildung in carpentry, electrical work, plumbing, and related fields are highly sought after and can expect strong job prospects within this industry.

Salary Range of People Working in Construction

  • Construction Worker/Laborer:
    • Entry-level: €20,000 to €30,000 per year
    • Experienced: €30,000 to €45,000 per year
  • Carpenter:
    • Entry-level: €25,000 to €35,000 per year
    • Experienced: €35,000 to €50,000 per year
  • Electrician:
    • Entry-level: €25,000 to €35,000 per year
    • Experienced: €35,000 to €50,000 per year

Note: These are some examples of the salary range of people working in construction in Germany. The figures are based on a report by salaryexpert.com.


Chef finalizing the plating of a dish

The catering industry is a flourishing sector in Germany that provides great job prospects for individuals who have completed an Ausbildung. Chefs, bakers, and other culinary professionals with proper apprenticeship training are in high demand and can expect promising job opportunities.

Expected salaries for catering professionals in Germany

Here are some examples of the average salaries for different catering professions in Germany:

  • Catering Staff: The average monthly salary for Catering Staff in Germany is €2,620.
  • Kitchen Staff: The average salary for Kitchen Staff in Germany is €23,660 per year.
  • Catering Coordinator: The average salary for a Catering Coordinator in Hamburg, Germany is €47,000 per year

These industries in Germany highlight the value and demand for Ausbildung, also known as apprenticeships, providing a pathway to successful careers and fulfilling employment opportunities in various sectors.

What are the best-paid Ausbildung programs in Germany? Read here.

Final Thoughts About What is Ausbildung in English?

At the end of this blog post, we’ve talked about Ausbildung in English, how it works, its benefits, and how to find the best vocational school for your wants and goals. Hopefully, this has clarified the German Ausbildung system and its potential for advancing your career

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