How to Choose A Bike

Choosing the right bike can be a daunting task, especially if you’re new to cycling. There are so many different types of bikes available on the market, so it can be hard to decide which one is best for your needs. Whether looking for an efficient way to get around town or planning a long-distance ride, having the right bike will make all the difference in your experience.

Before buying a bike, let’s talk about the different types of bikes, why choosing the right bike is important, and how to find one that meets your needs. We’ll also cover some of the features you should look out for when making your purchase decision so that you end up with a bike that’s perfect for you!

Understanding Different Types of Bikes

Road Bikes

Road Bikes are the sleek, fast-paced rides of the cycling world. Whether you’re commuting around town or planning a long-distance ride, road bikes are designed for speed and performance.

Key road bike features include:

  • Lightweight frames: Road bikes are usually made from lightweight materials such as aluminum or carbon fiber. This reduces the weight of the bike and makes it easier to ride.
  • Narrow tires: Narrow tires provide less rolling resistance, which means you can go faster with less effort.
  • Drop handlebars: These allow for more aerodynamic positioning, which helps reduce wind resistance and improves performance.
  • Multiple gears: Road bikes typically have multiple gears, enabling you to choose the right one for your terrain. This makes it easier to tackle inclines and declines with ease.

Mountain bikes are ideal for:

  • Commuting: Road bikes are great for getting around town quickly and efficiently.
  • Long-distance rides: If you plan to ride long distances, road bikes will give you the speed and efficiency needed to cover more ground in less time.
  • Racing: If you’re looking for an adrenaline-filled ride, road bikes are great track bikes and are ideal for other racing events.

Mountain Bikes

Mountain bikes are a great choice for anyone looking to explore the outdoors. Whether tackling trails, taking on some off-road terrain, or just cruising around town, mountain bikes can provide an exhilarating and practical ride.

Mountain bike key features include:

  • Rugged frames: Mountain bikes are usually made with stronger, sturdier materials such as aluminum or steel. This ensures that they can handle tough trails and off-road terrain.
  • Wider tires: Wide tires provide better traction on loose surfaces and enable you to tackle any terrain.
  • Suspension systems: These systems absorb shocks from bumps and roots, allowing for a smoother ride.
  • Multiple gears: Mountain bikes typically have multiple gears to choose from, so you can adjust them depending on the difficulty of your ride.

Mountain bikes are the best for:

  • Exploring trails and off-road terrain: They provide the perfect combination of speed and durability and are ideal as cross-country bikes.
  • Casual riders: Mountain bikes are incredibly fun and enjoyable for casual riders who want to explore the outdoors.

Hybrid or Touring Bikes

Looking for a bike that can do it all? Check out the hybrid bike – the ultimate Swiss Army knife of two-wheeled transportation! Lightweight and nimble enough to race around town yet rugged enough to tackle trails and off-road terrain, these versatile bikes are perfect for anyone who wants to make the most of their ride.

Hybrid bikes’ key features include:

  • Sturdy frames: Hybrid bikes are usually made with lightweight aluminum or steel, making them strong enough to handle rougher surfaces while still light enough for comfortable riding.
  • Multi-purpose tires: The wide tires on hybrid bikes provide great traction and stability for any type of terrain.
  • Adjustable handlebars: The adjustable handlebars on hybrid bikes allow riders to customize the position of their hands and arms for a more comfortable ride.

Hybrid bikes are great for:

  • Commuting: Hybrid bikes provide a smooth and comfortable ride on bike paths while also providing the grip needed for tougher terrain.
  • All-terrain riding: With their wide tires and sturdy frames, hybrid bikes can handle both trails and roads without difficulty.
  • Exercise: The adjustable handlebars on hybrid bikes make them great fitness bikes.

Cruiser Bikes

Cruiser bikes are the perfect choice for those who want to take it easy – no need to break a sweat here!

Cruiser bikes key features include:

  • Low frames: Cruiser bikes have ‘close to the ground’ frames, making them easy to hop on and off of.
  • Wide tires: The wide tires on cruiser bikes provide a smooth ride and good traction for any surface.
  • Upright riding position: The more upright riding position on cruiser bikes keeps riders comfortable.

Cruiser bikes are built for:

  • Cruising around town: With their relaxed style and easy riding, cruiser bikes are great for getting around town or running errands.
  • Exercise: Cruiser bikes provide a comfortable and relaxed ride that’s perfect for those looking to get some exercise.

BMX Bikes

BMX bikes are built for riders who want to take on tough terrain and pull off stunts and tricks, as they were initially developed to get more people into the motocross sport.

BMX bike’s key features include:

  • Sturdy frames: The strong frames on BMX bikes are built to take on tough terrain and handle jumps, drops, and tricks.
  • Wide tires: These provide great traction when riding off-road or performing stunts.
  • Adjustable handlebars: The adjustable handlebars on BMX bikes allow riders to customize their position for better control.

BMX bikes are designed for:

  • Freestyle riding: BMX bikes are designed to take on tough terrain and perform stunts.
  • All-terrain riding: With their strong frames and wide tires, BMX bikes can handle anything you throw at them, from jumps and tricks to dirt trails.
  • Racing: With their powerful frames and agile handling, BMX bikes are perfect for racing against the competition!

Folding Bikes

Folding bikes are any bikes that can easily be folded up for easy storage and transport. They are ideal for those who don’t have much space to store their bike or are always on the go.

Folding bikes are equipped with the following key features:

  • Compact size: Folding bikes have a small profile when folded, making them easy to store or transport in a car.
  • Adjustable handlebars and seats: The adjustable handlebars and seats on folding bikes enable riders to adjust the bike’s fit for their height, ensuring a comfortable ride.

Folding bikes are perfect for:

  • Commuting: With their small size and easy portability, folding bikes are perfect for those who commute frequently.
  • Camping: Folding bikes are perfect for those who want to explore nature but don’t have room for a traditional bike.

Electric Bikes

Electric bikes combine the power of an electric motor with the portability of a traditional bicycle, offering an efficient and eco-friendly alternative to cars or public transportation.

These bikes are equipped with the following key features:

  • Powerful motor: Electric bikes have a powerful electric motor that provides riders with up to 1000 watts of power. This allows you to reach speeds of up to 25 mph without breaking a sweat.
  • Adjustable handlebars and seats: These enable riders to adjust the bike’s fit for their height, ensuring a comfortable ride.
  • Wide range of features: Electric bikes come with a variety of features such as LCD displays, integrated headlights and taillights, and even USB ports for charging your devices while you ride.

Electric bikes are ideal for:

  • Commuting: With their powerful motors, electric bikes provide riders with the perfect way to get around quickly and easily.
  • Exploring nature: Electric bikes are perfect for those who want to explore nature trails without putting too much strain on their legs.

Other models like cyclocross bikes, tandem bikes, and gravel bikes are modifications of the major types discussed above.

Comparison of Different Bike Types

Bicycles come in a variety of shapes and sizes, each designed to meet the needs of different riders. This means that all bikes are individually unique and incomparable.

Road bikes are built for speed and efficiency on paved surfaces while mountain bikes are designed for off-road riding. On the other hand, hybrids offer a mix of road and mountain features, and electric bikes provide an extra boost from their powerful motors. Last but not least, folding bikes offer convenience with their compact size.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Bike

Personal Fitness Level

When choosing a bike, it’s important to think about your fitness level. If you’re not active, you should get a bike that does not require too much effort to ride. On the other hand, if you’re fitter and want to go faster or farther, then a bike with more speed and power will be better for you.

Riding Terrain

The type of terrain you will be riding on is another important factor to consider before purchasing a bike. If you’re commuting and mostly riding on paved roads, then a road bike might be best for you. However, if you plan to ride off-road or on trails, then a mountain bike is what you should look for.

Distance of Travel

If you plan on traveling long distances or over rough terrain, then a hybrid or electric bike might be the best option. Both bikes offer more power and speed than traditional bicycles. If you’re simply commuting or riding around town, then a regular bicycle should suffice.

Riding Frequency

The more often you plan on riding, the sturdier your bike should be. If you’re riding frequently or over long distances, then a higher-end model is the best option. However, if you’re simply going to ride occasionally or short distances, then a simpler bike will do.

Personal Preference and Comfort

When choosing a bike, it’s essential to remember that, ultimately the choice should come down to personal preference and comfort level. Different bikes offer different features, so be sure to test out different models before deciding.


It’s important to consider your budget before settling on a bike. You should be prepared to spend more money on higher-end models that offer more features and performance, but if you’re just getting started there are plenty of affordable options available as well.

Bike Sizing and Fit

Importance of Proper Bike Fit

Getting the proper bike fit is essential for having a comfortable and enjoyable riding experience. Not only will it help you get the most out of your ride, but it can also help prevent injuries due to incorrect posture or strain on certain areas of your body. With the right fit, you’ll be able to maximize power output while minimizing fatigue and pain.

Bike Size Chart

For road bikes, mountain bikes, and BMX bikes, the following charts can be used as a general guide for finding the right bike size:

Road Bike Size Chart

Rider Height (Inches)

Suggested Frame Size (Centimetres)

4’10” – 5’2″

47-50 cm

5’2″ – 5’6″

50-52 cm

5’6″ – 6′

53-54 cm

Mountain Bike Size Chart

Rider Height (Inches)

Suggested Frame Size (Centimetres)

4’10” – 5’3″

13-15 inches

5’3″ – 5’7″

15-17 inches

5’7″ – 5’11”

17-19 inches

BMX Bike Size Chart

Rider Height (Inches)

Suggested Frame Size (Centimetres)

4’8″ and under

20.5 inch Top Tube Length

4’9″ – 5’2″

20.5-21 inch Top Tube Length

5’3″ – 5’7″

21-21.25 inch Top Tube Length

5’8″ and up

21.25+ inch Top Tube Length

It’s important to note that this is just a general guideline, so it can be helpful to consult with a professional when finding the best fit for you.

Measuring your inseam

Measuring your inseam helps to ensure that the bike frame size will fit your body correctly and provide a comfortable riding experience.

To do it correctly, you will need a flat surface and a measuring tape. Stand with your feet at hip-width apart on a flat surface. Place the end of the measuring tape at the crotch crease and measure down to your ankle bone. Write down this measurement for future reference when choosing bike sizes.

Adjusting the Bike Fit

Once you have the right frame size, the next step is to adjust your bike to ensure it fits properly. This includes adjusting the saddle and handlebar height and angle, and stem length. Consult with a professional when making these adjustments if you’re unsure how to do so correctly.

Essential Bike Features

Frame Material

Bike frames are made from a variety of materials depending on the desired use and budget. Steel, aluminum, and carbon fiber are the most common materials used in bike frame construction.


Aluminum is a popular choice for bicycle frames due to its lightweight and durability. It’s lighter than steel, thus easier to transport and maneuver. Additionally, aluminum is highly corrosion-resistant, which makes it a great choice for riders who ride in wet or salty conditions.


Steel provides a great balance between stiffness and weight, allowing for efficient pedaling while still providing good shock absorption. Although easily susceptible to corrosion than aluminum, steel is harder and hardly prone to scratches and dents.


Carbon is the most advanced and expensive material used in bicycle frames. It’s much lighter than aluminum, which provides a great advantage in terms of speed and agility.

Additionally, carbon fiber has an incredibly high strength-to-weight ratio, making it both strong and lightweight. Carbon also helps absorb shock from bumps on the road.


Suspension systems are designed to absorb impacts from rough terrain, reduce vibration, and provide better traction when riding over obstacles.

Suspension systems come in various types, such as full suspension bikes, hardtail suspension, rigid forks, and rear shock absorbers or rear suspension. Each type of suspension has its own benefits and drawbacks depending on the type of riding you plan to do.


Each bike types have different gear systems designed to optimize performance in various conditions.

Most mountain bikes usually have wide-range gearing that allows riders to climb steep hills and cruise along flat terrain. Unlike fixed-gear bikes, road bikes use gears with a narrow range, which provides the rider with more speed but less ability to tackle tough terrain.

Hybrid bikes tend to use gearing that is somewhere in between mountain and road bikes’ gearing, offering a good balance between speed and climbing ability.


V-brakes, disc brakes, and rim brakes are the most common types of brakes used on bikes.

V-brakes are popular on mountain bikes because they provide good stopping power without needing too much maintenance. Disc brakes offer more consistent braking power in wet and muddy conditions, making them a great choice for mountain bikers.

Rim brakes are most commonly found on road and hybrid bikes because they require less effort.


Mountain bikes, road bikes, and hybrid bikes all have unique tire requirements depending on the terrain they’re used in.

Mountain bike tires are designed to provide good traction in off-road conditions. These tires also typically have thicker walls for added durability.

Road bike tires are generally thin and smooth, and they are designed to reduce rolling resistance and improve speed. Hybrid bike tires are in between mountain and road bike tires, providing a good balance between speed and traction.


Mountain bikes have wide, padded seats for added comfort when riding over rough terrain. Road bikes use narrow, lightweight seats that provide a more aerodynamic ride and reduce wind resistance.

Hybrid bikes often use ergonomic seats that are designed to provide additional support for longer rides.

Additional Equipment and Accessories

Although not mandatory, additional accessories such as bike locks, helmets, lights, bike racks, and water bottle holders are useful for cyclists.


Riding a bike is a great way to get around, but it can also be dangerous if you don’t take the necessary safety precautions. Helmets are designed to protect your head in the event of an accident and can greatly reduce the severity of a head injury.


Lights make you more visible to drivers and other cyclists on the road, which can help prevent accidents. There are many different types of lights available for bikes, ranging from simple reflectors to powerful LED headlights.


Bike locks keep bikes safe and secure. They come in a variety of styles and sizes, from U-locks to cable locks, chain locks, and folding locks. U-locks are the most secure type of lock, and they typically feature a hardened steel shackle that is difficult to break.

Bike Racks

Bike racks are a great way to store your bike safely and securely. Wall-mounted racks provide an easy way to hang your bike up off the ground, while floor stands let you easily move bikes around without having to lift them up.

Freestanding models offer more flexibility when it comes to placement, while car racks allow you to transport multiple bikes at once.

Water Bottle Holders

Water bottle holders provide a convenient way to store and access your water bottle while riding, allowing you to quickly grab a drink without having to stop or take your hands off the handlebars.

Some water bottle holders attach directly to the frame of the bike, while others come in clip-on or strap-on styles that can be mounted on various parts of the bike.

Test Ride Before Buying

Importance of a Test Ride

Test riding a bike helps determine if the frame size is right for your body, if you’re comfortable with the suspension system, and if all components work properly.

Additionally, test rides provide an opportunity to ask any questions about features or maintenance so that you can make an informed decision when buying a new bike.

What to look out for During a Test Ride

When test riding a bike, it’s important to pay attention to the ride feel and any potential issues. Make sure that the frame size is comfortable for your body type and that you’re able to easily reach the handlebars and pedals.

Check that all the components work properly, including brakes, gears, suspension, wheels, tires, seat post, and handlebar. Also, pay attention to the bike’s shifting performance, braking power, and overall ride comfort.

Finally, if you’re test riding a mountain bike or hybrid model with front suspension forks, make sure to check for any signs of wear or damage like cracked seals or oil leakage.

Where To Buy a Bike

Local Bike shops

Purchasing a bike from a local bike shop is perfect for those looking for an affordable and reliable ride. Not only do these shops provide knowledgeable staff to help you find the perfect fit, but they also offer test rides so that you can get a feel for how the bike handles.

Local bike shops are also great resources for finding parts and accessories and providing maintenance tips or advice on any repairs that you may need in the future.

Online Retailers

Buying a bike online is an attractive option to save time and money. Online retailers often have competitive pricing, making them a great choice for budget-conscious riders.

Additionally, they may offer free shipping or other discounts that local shops don’t provide.

Second-hand Markets

Purchasing a bike from a second-hand market can be an economical and sustainable option for those looking for affordable options. Second-hand bikes are often cheaper, and you may be able to find rare or vintage models that have been refurbished to like-new condition.


Picking out the right bike can be dreadful, but with some research and guidance from knowledgeable staff or online reviews, you can find the perfect ride. Whether it’s an affordable second-hand model from a local market or a new one purchased through your favorite retailer, there are various options available that will suit any budget and riding style. Test rides are also important to make sure that the frame size is comfortable and that all components work properly before making your purchase. With these tips in mind, you should have no trouble finding the perfect bicycle!

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