Are you an expat or international student pondering the age-old question: “Living in Australia vs. Living in Canada – which is better?” The decision to migrate to a new country is significant, filled with many considerations.
The choice between Australia and Canada depends on individual priorities; Australia offers diverse job opportunities and a strong economy but has a higher cost of living, while Canada has a lower cost of living, strong job prospects, and universal healthcare.
In this blog, we’ll explore the enticing prospects that both Canada and Australia offer to expats and international students. From securing Permanent Residency (PR) in Canada to the allure of Australia’s PR system, we’ll delve into the unique facets of each nation.
Additionally, we’ll discuss private Canadian schools, the Canadian government’s policies, and the experiences of Australian citizens. By the end, you’ll be better equipped to make an informed choice for your new chapter abroad in these remarkable countries.
Living In Australia
Australia, often called the Land Down Under, holds a unique allure for those considering life in a foreign land. The decision to call this vast and diverse country home brings with it a multitude of advantages.
People planning to get Australia PR can expect job opportunities, a good healthcare system, better education, affordable housing, cheap public transport, and easy permanent residency.
Australia is renowned for its diverse job opportunities and thriving economy. As of the latest data, the employment rate in Australia stands at a robust 14,003,400, and it is predicted to continue increasing by 2024, based on a report by Statista.com.
The growth is largely attributed to the country’s dynamic and expanding service sector, which accounts for almost 70% of all jobs in Australia, according to Assuian.com.
Australia’s major cities are hubs of opportunity, with a wide range of job options across various industries. These cities boast excellent public transport systems, making it convenient for individuals to commute to work.
While house prices in major cities can be high, many individuals find that the quality of life and job opportunities outweigh the cost of house rent.
Long Terrm Employment
Obtaining Australian citizenship or permanent residency (Australia PR) is a goal worth pursuing for those considering long-term prospects in the Australian economy. This status provides access to numerous benefits, including the tax-free threshold and free education for eligible residents.
Australia’s abundant natural resources also contribute to a stable economy and thriving job market.
Navigating the immigration process can be complex, so many individuals seek the assistance of immigration consultants to secure permanent residency and explore job opportunities in both Australia and its neighboring country, New Zealand.
Both these countries offer unique advantages and are known for their welcoming policies toward immigrants.
In-Demand Hobs and Industries in Australia
Here are some of the in-demand jobs and industries in Australia:
1. Healthcare and Nursing: Due to Australia’s aging population, Doctors, nurses, and allied health professionals are consistently in demand.
2. Information Technology (IT): Roles such as software developers, cybersecurity experts, data scientists, and IT support professionals are sought after.
3. Construction: There is often a need for construction workers, engineers, architects, and project managers, particularly in major cities.
4. Trades and Skilled Labor: Electricians, plumbers, welders, and other skilled tradespeople are often in demand, especially in construction and infrastructure projects.
5. Education and Training: Teachers, especially those in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics), are needed in schools and universities.
6. Engineering: Various engineering disciplines, including civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering, continue to have job opportunities.
7. Agriculture and Farming: Agriculture and agribusiness-related jobs are critical for Australia’s food production and exports.
8. Mining and Resources: Jobs related to mining, oil, and gas extraction are in demand, especially in resource-rich regions.
9. Hospitality and Tourism: Australia’s tourism industry requires chefs, hotel managers, tour guides, and other hospitality professionals.
10. Financial Services: Accountants, financial analysts, and professionals in the finance sector are often sought after.
Read a detailed guide on salaries in Australia.
One key factor that makes Australia an attractive destination for job seekers is its strong emphasis on healthcare and well-being. The country provides its residents with access to basic healthcare services and an excellent healthcare system, ensuring that health services are readily available.
Australia’s healthcare system is a complex network of service providers and health professionals collaborating to address its citizens’ physical and mental health needs. Nearly 46% of the population has private hospital coverage, and approximately 55% has private general treatment coverage, according to Commonwealthfund.org.
Health Services for Foreign Residents
The healthcare facilities in Australia are world-class, but it’s essential to note that healthcare in Australia can be expensive, especially for foreign residents. When considering living in Australia, individuals may compare the healthcare systems of countries like Canada.
While both countries offer quality care, Australia tends to have a higher cost, often involving voluntary contributions. Ultimately, the choice between Canada and Australia as a better country for healthcare depends on personal preferences and financial considerations.
Moreover, Australian citizens and permanent residents enjoy health benefits and comprehensive health insurance coverage, making it a welcoming country for those seeking a secure environment.
Education in Australia
Australia is renowned for its world-class education system, attracting students from diverse cultures around the globe. The country offers a wide range of educational opportunities for its citizens and international students.
With 619,371 international students pursuing their degrees in Australia, a notable 8% increase from the previous year, according to Studying-in-Australia.org. It is clear that Australia is a popular destination for higher education.
The most common fields of study for non-school qualifications include Business and Management, Teacher Education, and Nursing, reflecting the diverse academic landscape.
For permanent residents, Australia provides access to free education in public schools, enhancing job retention prospects. This island nation is often compared to other countries like Canada for its educational excellence, making it an attractive choice for those seeking quality education in a new country with a vibrant and diverse culture.
Best Universities in Australia
Here is a list of some of the best universities in Australia.
1. University of Melbourne: Known for its strong research programs and diverse academic offerings.
2. Australian National University (ANU): Located in Canberra, ANU is highly regarded for its research and social sciences programs.
3. University of Sydney: Offers a wide range of academic disciplines and is known for its research contributions.
4. University of Queensland: Particularly strong in science and technology fields.
5. University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney): Known for its engineering and business programs.
6. University of Western Australia (UWA): Strong in the fields of mining, engineering, and research.
7. University of Adelaide: Renowned for its research and strong agricultural and wine science programs.
8. Monash University: Particularly known for its business and medical programs.
9. University of Technology Sydney (UTS): Offers a strong emphasis on practical, career-oriented education.
10. University of Wollongong: Known for its research and a range of academic disciplines.
Housing Options in Australia
Australia, known for its strong economy and diverse opportunities, offers a range of housing options for both residents and expats. Whether you’re considering renting or buying, Australia provides choices that cater to different preferences and budgets.
As of 2023, the median weekly rent across all dwellings in Australia is approximately $570, with a slightly higher average of $594 in capital cities. These figures can vary depending on the location and type of accommodation.
For those contemplating a move from their home country, deciding whether to rent or buy is an important factor to consider. Australia welcomes permanent residents, who can benefit from financial incentives like the tax-free threshold, allowing them to save extra money.
When it comes to housing costs, major cities like Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane have different price ranges. In January 2019, the average house price in Sydney was around $955,000, while Melbourne stood at approximately $737,000 and Brisbane at about $530,000.
Comparing the cost of living between Australia and Canada is essential for individuals deciding between these two countries.
Public Transportation in Australia
Australia boasts efficient public transport systems, particularly in major cities like Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide. These cities have extensive commuter rail networks that have grown and expanded, offering residents and visitors an excellent alternative to car travel.
From January 2022 to March 2022, the use of trains by people residing in Australia peaked, accounting for an impressive 29.6 percent of public transportation usage during that period.
This robust public transportation infrastructure contributes to reducing the cost of living in Australia and helps ease the burden of self-assessed job security for many individuals. Reliable and affordable public transport allows people to commute conveniently without the need for car ownership, which can be a significant expense.
Private Vehicles in Australia
Australia, a car-heavy nation, prioritizes public transport to ease the cost of living for its citizens. This commitment is reflected in the projected growth of the Public Transportation market in Australia, expected to increase by 0.46% from 2023 to 2027, resulting in a market volume of US$3.89 billion in 2027.
Cost of Owning a Car in Australia
Owning a car in Australia can be expensive due to the various costs that come with it. According to Savvy.com, Australians spend an average of 14.8% of their income on transport costs, with car loan repayments, fuel, and servicing/tyres being the most significant expenses.
1. Fuel: In the final quarter of 2022, the average petrol price was 184 cents per litre across Australia, costing a typical two-car household about $98.31 weekly or approximately $5,112 annually.
2. Car loans: Around 14% of Australians, equivalent to 2.7 million people, currently have car loans with an average amount of $31,738. An average interest rate of 6.5% per year results in an average weekly repayment of approximately $155.96.
3. Car insurance: Car insurance costs in Australia vary by car type, driver’s age, and location. On average, comprehensive car insurance is $1,016 per year, third-party property damage insurance is $414 per year, and third-party fire and theft insurance is $682 per year.
4. Maintenance & service: Car servicing in Australia typically costs $216 for a minor service and $370 for a logbook service. Weekly costs for servicing and tyres are about $31.48, totaling around $1,637 annually.
5. Registration and licensing: Household expenses for registration, CTP, and licensing averaged $30.17 weekly, amounting to approximately $1,569 per year as of the end of 2022.
Easy Australia PR Process
While obtaining permanent residency in Australia requires meeting specific criteria and navigating an application process, it is an achievable goal for expats seeking to make Australia their permanent home. With the right qualifications, skills, and guidance, the process can be a rewarding pathway to enjoying Australia’s many benefits.
Here’s how to get Australian citizenship:
- Choose Australia: First, decide that Australia is where you want to build your future. The country is known for its high standard of living, low unemployment, and average working hours, making it an attractive choice for many.
- Visa Application: To become a permanent resident, you’ll typically start with a temporary visa, often in the form of a skilled work visas. These visas allow you to temporarily live and work in Australia while working towards PR.
- Points System: Australia operates a points-based immigration system. To qualify for PR, you must accumulate enough points based on age, English proficiency, work experience, and qualifications. A higher score increases your chances of being invited to apply for PR.
- Specialist Care: Australia offers specialist care for the PR application process. Immigration consultants and experts can guide you through the intricate steps, ensuring you meet the criteria.
- Apply for PR: Once you’ve met the requirements and received an invitation, you can apply for PR. The process can be complex, so seeking professional assistance can be beneficial.
Living In Canada
Canada is a popular destination for foreigners and expats due to its reputation for offering a high quality of life, excellent healthcare, strong job opportunities, and a welcoming, diverse society.
The country’s commitment to food security, top-notch education system, and Permanent Residency (PR) availability make it an attractive choice for those seeking stability and prosperity.
Its stunning natural landscapes and inclusive culture further contribute to Canada’s appeal as a sought-after destination for individuals and families looking to start anew.
Canada is a welcoming country known for its diverse culture, stunning landscapes, and strong sense of community. Whether you’re considering Canada PR (Permanent Residency) or a visit, here’s what you need to know about this country.
Job Opportunities in Canada
Canada is renowned as one of the great countries for immigrants, and its job opportunities are a significant draw.
Recent data shows that Canada’s job market for newcomers is robust, boasting an employment rate exceeding 70% for immigrants who arrived within the past five years, an all-time high. This demonstrates Canada’s commitment to offering job security to its newcomers.
Furthermore, Canada provides a lower cost of living compared to many Western nations, enhancing the quality of life for immigrants.
When comparing Canada to Australia regarding job opportunities, Canada’s impressive job record tips the scales in its favor, making it a preferred choice for those seeking stability and career prospects.
Average Salary in Canada
The average salary in Canada, at $68,250 per year or $35 per hour, highlights the country’s strong economic prospects. When considering Canada and Australia, a comparison often arises.
In this regard, Canada emerges as a better country in terms of income, offering a competitive average salary that attracts domestic and international talent. While Australia certainly has its merits, Canada’s higher average salary underscores its appeal for those seeking financial stability and career opportunities.
Ultimately, Canada stands out as a promising destination, with its strong earning potential being a key factor in this comparison between Canada and Australia.
In-Demand Jobs in Canada
In Canada, several occupations are in high demand, offering opportunities for individuals from various countries. These sought-after jobs provide competitive salaries, open doors to more tax benefits, and simplify the process of obtaining work visas.
Some of the in-demand jobs in Canada include:
1. Healthcare Professionals: Doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and other healthcare workers are highly sought after due to the country’s aging population and increasing healthcare needs.
2. IT and Tech Specialists: Canada’s growing tech industry requires skilled professionals in software development, data analysis, and cybersecurity.
3. Skilled Tradespeople: Electricians, plumbers, and carpenters are in demand to address the ongoing construction and infrastructure projects across the country.
4. Engineers: Various engineering fields, such as civil, mechanical, and electrical, are experiencing a high demand for their expertise.
5. Accountants and Financial Analysts: Canada’s business sector seeks financial professionals to manage finances, taxation, and investments.
6. Teachers and Educators: Qualified educators are needed at all levels, from primary to post-secondary education.
7. Agricultural Workers: The agriculture sector requires farm managers, agricultural technicians, and skilled laborers to support the country’s food production.
8. Skilled Manufacturing Workers: Professionals in manufacturing industries, such as welders and machinists, play a vital role in Canada’s industrial growth.
9. Sales and Marketing Specialists: Companies are looking for individuals who can help promote and sell their products and services.
10. Environmental and Renewable Energy Experts: With a growing emphasis on sustainability, professionals in environmental sciences and renewable energy are in demand.
Securing employment in these in-demand fields can not only lead to rewarding careers but also provide opportunities for more tax advantages and facilitate obtaining work visas for individuals from various countries looking to contribute to Canada’s workforce.
Healthcare System in Canada
Canada’s healthcare system is publicly funded and decentralized, with federal, provincial, and territorial governments financing it through tax revenues.
When comparing Canada to Australia, this healthcare structure sets Canada apart. In Canada, residents enjoy universal access to essential healthcare services, making it an attractive choice for those seeking quality medical care without hefty bills.
The combination of a publicly financed system and universal access reaffirms Canada’s appeal for individuals considering their healthcare options.
Primary healthcare is free in Canada, and it’s available through Medicare. To get Medicare, you need to have health insurance coverage. Generally, the healthcare system in Canada is humane and very cheap. Read more about Canadian healthcare.
Education in Canada
Education in Canada is thriving, with a remarkable 31% year-over-year growth rate in foreign students holding active study permits (study visas), totaling 807,750. When comparing Canada to other countries like Australia, it becomes evident that Canada is an excellent choice for international students.
One key advantage of studying in Canada is the pathway to becoming a permanent resident. Canada’s welcoming policies and post-graduation work permit make it an attractive destination for those looking to settle long-term.
In terms of education options, Canada boasts a diverse range of institutions, including non-government schools, offering students various academic experiences. Moreover, the lower cost of living compared to other countries makes Canada an affordable yet high-quality education destination.
Best Universities in Canada
Here are some of the best universities in Canada, which are a mix of government schools and renowned institutions:
1. University of Toronto: Known for its world-class academics and research, this institution is highly regarded globally.
2. McGill University: Located in Montreal, it’s known for its diverse and vibrant campus and is a top choice for many international students.
3. University of British Columbia: Situated on the stunning west coast, UBC offers excellent programs and opportunities for research.
4. University of Alberta: Renowned for its research initiatives and strong programs in various fields.
5. University of Waterloo: Known for its engineering and technology programs and strong ties to industry.
6. University of Montreal: Offers a range of programs and is particularly well-known for its French-language instruction.
7. McMaster University: Known for its medical school and strong research programs.
8. Queen’s University: Famous for its strong business and engineering programs.
9. Western University: Offers a range of programs and has a strong reputation in various fields.
10. University of Calgary: Known for its research and academic excellence, particularly in science and engineering.
When considering studying in Canada, these institutions offer not only top-tier education but also potential pathways to Canada PR (Permanent Residency) through the immigration programs for international students of the Canadian government.
Canada PR Process
The Canada PR (Permanent Resident) process is popular among expats and foreigners seeking a stable future in a welcoming country like Canada. Here’s what you can expect:
- Eligibility Assessment: The first step is determining your eligibility for PR. Canada offers various immigration pathways, including Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), and family sponsorship. Each has specific criteria, such as education, work experience, language proficiency, etc.
- Application Submission: Once you’ve identified the right program, you must submit a comprehensive application, including all required documents. It’s crucial to be accurate and complete, as any errors can lead to delays or rejections.
- Express Entry Draws: If you’re applying through Express Entry, you’ll enter a pool of candidates. The Canadian government conducts regular draws and invites the highest-scoring candidates to apply for PR.
- Provincial Nominee Programs: For PNPs, you may need to secure a provincial nomination first. Different provinces have their own criteria and application processes.
- Medical and Security Checks: All applicants undergo medical examinations and security checks to ensure they meet Canada’s health and safety standards.
- Permanent Residency: If your application is approved, you’ll receive your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a PR visa. This allows you to live and work anywhere in Canada.
Also read: Living in Canada vs Germany.
Australia – Canada Comparison
Choosing between Canada and Australia is undoubtedly challenging, as both countries offer unique advantages catering to different preferences and aspirations. Here, we’ll consider some key factors to help you make an informed choice between these two great countries.
Cost of Living: Australia – Canada Comparison
When considering the cost of living in Australia and Canada, it’s essential to examine various factors that can influence your decision. According to available data, Australia’s average cost of living is 16% more expensive than Canada’s. For one person, the monthly cost of living in Australia is approximately $2,104, while in Canada, it is $1,826 per month.
Australia and Canada are both great countries, each with its unique attributes and opportunities. The Australian government has implemented a points system to attract skilled immigrants, making it a desirable destination for those seeking new opportunities.
However, the high cost of living in Australia can be a significant factor to consider when making your decision.
Canada also offers an excellent quality of life and has a points-based immigration system that welcomes skilled individuals. The cost of living in Canada is lower than in Australia, which may make it a more financially attractive option for some.
When comparing Canada and Australia, it ultimately comes down to your priorities and personal circumstances. If you value a lower cost of living, Canada may be the better country for you.
On the other hand, if you are drawn to Australia’s unique offerings and are willing to handle the more expensive cost of living, it could be your preferred destination.
My Opinion About The Cost of Living: Australia – Canada Comparison
The cost of living is a crucial factor when deciding between Canada and Australia, and it’s essential to consider your individual needs and priorities before making a choice.
Where to Get Private Health Insurance? Australia – Canada Comparison
When comparing private health insurance options in Canada and Australia, it’s essential to consider your specific needs. Both countries offer private health insurance, but Canada does not require it for citizenship, whereas Australia does for certain visas.
The choice between Canada and Australia should align with your priorities, such as the citizenship test requirement in Australia. Research thoroughly and choose Canada if you prioritize flexibility in health insurance. At the same time, Australia may be your choice if you value access to its healthcare system and are willing to meet its visa requirements.
Ultimately, the decision depends on your circumstances and preferences.
Final Thoughts About Living in Australia vs. Canada
In conclusion, the decision between living in Australia and Canada is complex, as both countries offer a wealth of opportunities and unique advantages. While Australia boasts a strong job market, excellent healthcare, and a diverse culture, it comes with a higher cost of living.
On the other hand, Canada’s lower cost of living, impressive job opportunities, and welcoming environment make it a compelling choice.
Ultimately, your choice should align with your priorities, career aspirations, and financial considerations.
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