Cost of Living in Germany For A Family of 4

Cost of Living in Germany For A Family of 4 titlecard

Are you thinking of moving to Germany with your family? If so, you might wonder about the cost of living for a family in Germany. The country is one of the most popular destinations for expats and foreigners, offering a high quality of life, a rich culture, and a stable economy. 

The cost of living for a family of four in Germany varies. Still, on average, it can range from €3,000 to €4,000 per month, including housing, groceries, transportation, childcare, and healthcare expenses.

However, the cost of living in Germany for a family of 4 can vary depending on several factors, such as the city, the size of the family, the lifestyle, and the income.

This blog will discuss the average monthly cost of living in Germany for families with children. We will cover the main expenses, such as housing, food, transportation, childcare, and other costs, along with income information.

This blog will help you plan your budget accordingly. You will also learn some tips on how to save money and enjoy living in Germany.

Related article: Cost of Living in Germany for a Single Person: [2023 Guide]

What Is The Average Monthly Cost of Living For a Family in Germany?

Parents smiling while looking at their two kids playing with toys

The cost of living in Germany for a family of 4 varies significantly between major cities and rural towns. According to, the average monthly expenses in Germany can add up to €1,698 for a single person or €3,561 for a family of four.

The average amount includes monthly rent, health insurance, and other monthly expenses. Major cities like Munich, Frankfurt, Berlin, Düsseldorf, and Hamburg tend to have higher monthly rent, making them more expensive places to live. Health insurance costs are mandatory and can affect the overall cost of living. 

However, tuition fees in Germany are relatively low compared to some other European countries, allowing families to save money on education. A good gross salary is essential to sustain this, especially when living in city centers, where the average rent is higher.

Planning your finances around these factors is crucial to maintaining a comfortable cost of living in Germany.

Breaking Down The Monthly Costs For Families Living in Germany

A budget mind-map filled with words about finance and budgeting

Understanding the breakdown of monthly costs for families in Germany is crucial for expats planning or residing in the country. The cost of living in Germany for a family of 4, especially in the city center, can vary significantly compared to other European countries. 

Knowing the expenses like health insurance, tuition fees, and housing allows expat families to budget effectively, ensuring they can cover essential needs while saving for the future. This information allows them to make informed financial decisions, adapt to the local economy, and provide stability and security for their families during their stay in Germany.

Here’s a breakdown of the monthly cost of living for a family in Germany. It includes the expenses for essentials, such as housing, food, transportation, childcare, mobile and internet, health insurance, and leisure. 

Housing: €908

Understanding housing costs is crucial for expats in Germany. The average monthly housing cost for families is €908, encompassing rent or mortgage payments, energy expenses, and household items. Germany’s cost of living varies significantly, with rental prices ranging from €500 to over €2,000, depending on location and size. 

Compared to other European countries, Germany offers relatively low housing costs, making it affordable for families. says that Germany’s housing costs about 44.8% less than America’s, with rent for a 1-bedroom apartment in the city center costing $760.46 in Germany and $1,225.46 in the USA.

However, it’s essential to note that expensive cities like Berlin and Munich have higher average rent costs. Based on a report by, families can expect to pay around €1,745 for a one-bedroom apartment, while more affordable cities like Frankfurt and Stuttgart average around €920.

Knowing these average costs helps expat families budget effectively, ensuring they can save money and cover their living expenses while staying in Germany.

Related article: Best Places To Buy House or Apartment in Germany

Groceries: €520

Grocery costs are a significant factor in the cost of living in Germany for expat families, averaging €520 monthly. However, these expenses can vary based on individual preferences, location, and dietary choices. 

The monthly grocery expenditure for a single person typically ranges from €200 to €250. Germany boasts a variety of supermarkets, such as Aldi, Lidl, Edeka, and REWE, catering to diverse tastes and budgets. 

While Germany’s cost of living is generally manageable, expensive cities like Munich and Frankfurt may have higher food prices. Nevertheless, compared to the EU average, day-to-day life in Germany is affordable, making it an attractive destination for Western European expats. 

Here are 15 common grocery items in Germany, along with their prices according to

  • 1 liter of milk – €0.70
  • Loaf of bread – €1.30
  • 12 eggs – €1.82
  • 500g of local cheese – €4.45
  • 1 kg chicken breast – €7.32
  • 1 kg of beef round – €14.93
  • 1 kg of apples – €2.36
  • 1 kg of bananas – €1.48
  • 1 kg of oranges – €2.07
  • 1 kg of tomatoes – €1.68
  • 1 kg of potatoes – €0.30
  • 1 kg of onions – €0.15
  • 1 lettuce head – €0.31
  • 1 kg of rice – €2.45
  • 1 kg of chicken fillets – €12.47

Awareness of these average grocery costs allows families to budget effectively, save money, and adapt to their new life in this dynamic yet not overly expensive country.

Transport: €351

Transportation costs play a significant role in the cost of living in Germany for a family of 4, averaging €351 monthly. However, these costs can vary based on location and choice of transportation. 

Germany offers a well-developed transportation system, including public transport, high-speed trains, and taxis. says that public transport in Germany is generally affordable, and the recent introduction of a €49 monthly nationwide ticket makes it even more budget-friendly, especially in German cities like Berlin. 

While transportation in Munich and Frankfurt may be somewhat pricier, most German cities offer cheaper options for commuters and families. 

Here are some common transportation prices in Germany:

  • Average single ticket: €2
  • Monthly ticket: €80-€100
  • Taxi (5 km ride): €8.75-€9.90

It is important to note that the cost of transportation in Germany can be reduced by using bicycles, which are widely available for rent or purchase. 

Childcare: €500-€1,000

Childcare in Germany can range from €500 to €1,000 per month. The cost depends on your child’s age and the chosen care arrangement. 

Here is a breakdown of the monthly cost of childcare for a family in Germany:

  • Daycare centers and kindergartens: Free for low-income families, while those with higher incomes may have to pay a fee ranging from €15-€400 per month, with an average of around €169 per month.
  • Family daycare and babysitters: Typically paid for by the hour, varying rates depending on the caregiver’s experience and qualifications.
  • Au pairs: The cost of an au pair in Germany can range from €260-€350 per month, plus room and boar

Expats with families in Germany should anticipate this expense, but there are ways to manage costs. Public transportation in Germany is efficient and affordable, making it accessible for daily commutes, even on a student budget. 

Health insurance: €300-€500

Regarding health insurance, expats with families planning or residing in Germany should be aware of the various factors influencing healthcare costs. You’ll need health insurance in Germany, but the specifics can vary. 

Public health insurance is mandatory for most residents and involves a contribution rate of around 14.6% of income, according to The employer and employee share the cost, with the employee paying just 7.3%, making it a more affordable option.

However, additional contributions vary, so consider your options to save money and manage your monthly budget.

For private health insurance, prices vary depending on age, health condition, and desired coverage. says that the basic plan for a healthy 30-year-old can range from €200 to €300 per month.

Private insurance offers more flexibility, but understanding public health insurance can lead to a cheaper option. You can expect cheaper prices while ensuring your family’s healthcare needs are met.

Mobile and Internet: €30-€50

For expat families in Germany, managing mobile and internet expenses is essential to adapting to the cost of living. Generally, mobile phone rates in Germany for 24-month contracts fall within the €15-€30 per month range.

However, if you already have a phone, this cost can be reduced to about €10-€15 per month, according to myger. For international students and families on a budget, prepaid plans offer cost-saving options, especially for short-term visitors.

When it comes to internet services, the cost of internet in Germany varies based on plan type and data allowance. While unlimited data plans are available, prices vary. O2 offers an unlimited data plan for €39.99 per month, while Telekom’s plan costs €84.95 per month.

Consider different plans with lower data allowances to save money, especially if you don’t require extensive data usage. Managing your mobile and internet expenses is crucial for expat families, allowing you to balance the cost of living while staying connected in the city center or wherever you reside in Germany. 

Also read: What Is Open On Sundays In Germany?

Leisure: €284

The average monthly cost of leisure for a family in Germany is €284. This includes expenses for cultural events, outdoor activities, and recreational facilities. 

Germany offers a wide range of affordable options for leisure and entertainment, making it suitable for expats with families. For instance, says that visiting a museum in Berlin can cost around €14 per person, but in smaller towns, it’s about €5 per person, reflecting the variation in living costs across regions. 

Germany’s reputation for a high quality of life and well-being extends to the availability of free or low-cost leisure activities. Hiking in the Black Forest or cycling along the Rhine River comes at no additional cost, contributing to cheaper prices for family fun. 

Many German cities, including capital cities, host free outdoor concerts and festivals during the summer months, catering to diverse preferences without straining the average salary with hefty monthly fees. 

Do you want to save money? Check this article: All You Need To Know About Savings Accounts in Germany

Things to Consider to Lessen The Cost of Living in Germany For A Family of 4

Coins on top of a calculator and a sheet with graphs on it

For expats with families in Germany, there are several strategies to minimize living expenses without sacrificing the quality of life. For instance, understanding income tax regulations can lead to significant savings. Cutting costs on car insurance is possible by comparing options and bundling policies. 

Moreover, making informed choices about housing, transportation, and daily expenses can help save money while maintaining a comfortable lifestyle. By prioritizing these considerations, expat families can enjoy Germany affordably. 

Housing Options

Two white and brown lodging house with layered roofs

When considering the cost of living in Germany for a family of 4, especially for expats with families, housing options play a pivotal role. Germany provides a range of choices, including apartments, houses, and shared living arrangements, each with distinct implications for family life and expenses.


Apartments are the most prevalent housing type in Germany, particularly in major cities like Berlin and Munich. They offer flexibility in location and mobility, making them a cost-effective choice for expats. 

The average rental price for a one-bedroom apartment in Germany stands at €800 per month, according to However, it can be considerably higher in sought-after capital cities like Berlin and Munich, which reach an average of €1,745.

Also read: Buying an Apartment in Munich, Germany: Guide


Houses offer more space and privacy, making them suitable for families with children. However, they are more expensive than apartments and require greater maintenance. says that the cost of purchasing a house varies, with an average price of €300,000.

Shared Living Apartments

For those seeking low-cost alternatives, shared living arrangements, such as Wohngemeinschaften or WGs, are popular in Germany. They are especially appealing to students, young professionals, and single parents aiming to save on housing rent. 

Based on a report by, a shared apartment in Germany typically costs between €400 and €600 per month. 

Looking to buy furniture? Check this article: 5 Best Furniture Stores in Germany in 2023

My Opinion

Before making a housing choice, it’s crucial to factor in location, size, and rental prices. Apartments offer affordability and flexibility, houses provide more space and privacy, and shared living arrangements are perfect for those on a budget. 

Housing costs can fluctuate significantly between major cities and East Germany, so thorough research of the local housing market is essential when considering your family’s needs and budget while living in Germany.

Urban vs. Rural Living

Buildings lit at night

When considering the cost of living in Germany for a family of 4, expats planning their move or residing there must make a crucial decision: urban or rural living. Here are key factors to weigh for each lifestyle choice.

Urban Living:

  • Cost of Living in Germany for a Family of 4: Urban areas like Berlin or Munich typically have a higher cost of living. Housing expenses, including rent or mortgage, are notably more expensive, impacting overall living costs for a family of four.
  • Access to Amenities: Cities provide many amenities, from shopping centers to cultural events. However, these conveniences often come at a higher price.
  • Job Opportunities: Urban areas offer more job prospects, particularly in prestigious universities and innovative companies, potentially providing a better income for your family.
  • Commute Times: Commuting in cities can be time-consuming due to traffic and public transportation delays. Public transportation is extensive, but owning a car might become necessary, increasing expenses.
  • Overall Lifestyle: Urban living offers a fast-paced lifestyle with diverse populations and vibrant cultural scenes. While exciting, it’s crucial to factor in the higher cost of living and smaller, pricier housing options.

Rural Living:

  • Cost of Living in Germany for a Family of 4: Rural areas generally offer a more affordable cost of living. Housing options are larger and less expensive, making them attractive for families looking to save money.
  • Access to Amenities: While rural living provides a quieter lifestyle and access to natural landscapes, fewer amenities exist. Families may need to travel to nearby towns or cities for shopping and entertainment, affecting living costs.
  • Job Opportunities: Job opportunities may be scarcer in rural areas, potentially impacting income levels. However, this can be offset by the reduced cost of living.
  • Commute Times: Commute times are shorter in rural areas, but owning a car may be necessary due to limited public transportation options.
  • Overall Lifestyle: Rural living offers a slower-paced lifestyle with a strong sense of community and a closer connection to nature. The cost of living is lower, enabling families to save more and potentially offset lower income levels.

Expats should also consider factors like income tax, university tuition fees, and social security contributions when deciding, as these financial aspects can significantly impact the overall cost of living in Germany for a family of 4.

Healthcare System

Doctor talking with health insurance dealers

To lessen the cost of living in Germany for expats with families, it’s crucial to understand the healthcare system and its impact on your finances. Germany’s healthcare system is comprehensive and accessible, but there are ways to optimize your spending.

Public Health Insurance

Most residents, including expat families, are required to have public health insurance. The cost is shared between the employer and employee, with the employee covering 7.3% of their income. To save money, choose an insurance company with a reasonable additional contribution rate.

Private Health Insurance

If you meet the income threshold or are self-employed, you can opt for private health insurance. While it offers more flexibility, assess its cost based on your age, health condition, and desired coverage before making a decision.

User Fees

Certain medical services incur user fees aimed at curbing unnecessary usage and supporting the healthcare system. These fees are generally low and shouldn’t significantly impact your living costs in Germany.

Understanding the nuances of public and private insurance, along with user fees, is crucial for managing your Germany cost-effectively. By making informed choices and considering your family’s healthcare needs, you can make the most of the comprehensive yet cost-efficient German healthcare system while saving money on your monthly expenses, including social security contributions.

Educational Facilities

Front lawn of an international school in Germany

Germany offers public schools, private schools, and international schools for children. Public schools are free and widely available, but the quality may vary by location. Private schools offer specialized education with varying tuition costs and smaller class sizes. International schools are suitable for expat families, providing education in the home language, but they come with tuition fees. 

To reduce expenses, opting for public schools is the most economical choice. However, in some big cities, the cost of living can be relatively higher. Private and international schools, though pricier, offer specialized curricula and smaller classes.

Choosing an international school can provide a smoother transition for an international student. Consider living close to the city center to save on public transport and access amenities like sports facilities. 

Managing general costs is easier with online banks, while local transport can be cost-effective. Germany may be seen as an expensive country, but careful choices in education and living arrangements can help expat families balance their budgets.

Related article: Germany vs Austria: Cost of Living

Testimonials of Expats with Families Living in Germany

Family enjoying on the beach

Testimonials from expat families who have experienced urban or rural living in Germany can provide valuable insights into the different types of educational institutions available for children, such as public schools, private schools, and international schools. 

Here are some testimonials and case studies:

“We were looking for a family-friendly neighborhood in Berlin, and helped us find the perfect apartment. Our children attend a public school nearby, and we are very happy with the quality of education they are receiving. The cost of living in Berlin is higher than in our home country, but the quality of life is worth it.”

“We moved to a small town in rural Germany and enrolled our children in a private school. The school offers a bilingual curriculum and a strong focus on STEM education. The cost of tuition is higher than we expected, but the quality of education is excellent. Our children are thriving in this environment.”

Berlin-Institut für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung:

“We moved from a big city to a small town in rural Germany, and our children attend a public school. The small school offers a comprehensive curriculum and a strong sense of community. The cost of living is lower than in the city, and we enjoy the slower pace of life.”

“We moved from a big city to a small town in rural Germany, and our children attend an international school. The school offers a British curriculum and a diverse student body. The cost of tuition is higher than we expected, but the quality of education is worth it. We enjoy the natural beauty of the area and the sense of community.”

“We moved to Germany and rented an apartment in a big city. Our children attend a public school, and we are impressed with the quality of education. The cost of living is higher than in our home country, but the amenities and cultural opportunities are worth it. We enjoy the diversity of the city and the sense of excitement.”

These testimonials and case studies demonstrate the range of educational institutions available for families in Germany and the impact of these choices on a family’s budget and children’s education.

Public schools offer a comprehensive education at no cost, while private and international schools offer more specialized or alternative education at a higher cost. The choice of an educational institution depends on individual preferences, budget, and educational goals.

My Opinion

As an expat living in Germany, I’ve found that the country offers a great quality of life and numerous opportunities for families. The cost of living can vary significantly, with factors like location, housing, and educational choices playing a crucial role. 

For those seeking to balance affordability with quality, it’s essential to research and weigh the pros and cons of urban vs. rural living, consider public vs. private education, and explore ways to optimize healthcare and other expenses. With careful planning, expat families can enjoy all Germany offers while managing their budget effectively.

Also read: Average Living Expenses for a Couple in Germany [2023]

Final Thoughts About The Cost of Living For a Family of 4 in Germany

In conclusion, the cost of living in Germany for a family of 4 can vary widely, influenced by factors like location, housing choices, and educational preferences. Urban living offers excitement and job opportunities but comes with a higher cost, while rural living provides a quieter lifestyle at a lower price. 

Public schools are free, while private and international schools offer specialized education at a cost. By making informed decisions and managing expenses, expat families can enjoy the benefits of living in Germany while maintaining a comfortable budget. 

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